First let me give you a short background to the song.
In the late 1960s Western countries weren’t the only ones protesting. There was strong resistance to the Vietnam War in Japan also. A lot of American folk musicians travelled to Japan including Joan Baez, Pete Seeger and Harry Belafonte. Japan experienced its own golden age of American folk influenced music, with its own distinct flavour. Dylan’s music was huge, but he didn’t get to the country until 1978, when he played the famous budokan hall with a capacity of 10,000 people and sold it out for a record breaking (for foreign artists) eight nights.
One of the central native folk musicians was Wataru Takada. I first heard Wataru when I went to see him play live in Kyoto in 2004, shortly before his death in 2005. He left a big impression, not least by falling asleep half way through his set – which was not uncommon in his later years. Although he was only 56 when he passed away, he looked like a man who’s life had not left him much fuel in the tank.
Born in gifu, mother died at 8, father took him to Tokyo without a plan, they lived in a series of unstable situations, including charity housing. His father died by the time he was in middle school.
He was introduced to American folk music in the mid 60s and was soon so devoted to the music that he had his English teacher write a letter to Pete Seeger saying he wanted to learn from him. A reply from Pete came a couple of months later giving him some word of general encouragement:
Dear Wataru Takada：
Thank youfor your long letters ー I’m sorry that my answer must be so brief.
1) You can learn most from me by my writings in Sing Out magazine, and other Oak Publicaitions ー song book, etc, and from my recordings.
2) But you can learn more from you own neighbors and friends and from your own successes and failures in your activities.
3) When you learn English, I would be glad to hear from you again.
4) Meanwhile, learn to make such good music that people will ask to hear you again and again.
Best of luck
PS – I’m sorry that I cannot write in Japanese.
When Pete toured to Japan a year later, he gave the young Wataru Takada a front row ticket to his show.
In 1968 he took part in the Kansai Folk Camp in Kyoto, and he moved there the next year to be part of what had become the main folk movement in Japan. He became a central part of the scene along with figures such as Tomoya Takaishi and Nobuyasu Okabayashi. He later returned to Tokyo and again became a major force in the folk scene that would come to be known as Kichijyoji-ha Folk 吉祥寺派フォーク.
Origins of the song
The song 自衛隊に入ろう Jieitai Ni Hairo is based on a song written by Malvina Reynolds and Pete Seeger:
I want to go to Andorra, Andorra, Andorra,
I want to go to Andorra, it’s a place I adore,
They spent four dollars and ninety cents
On armaments and their defense,
Did you ever hear of such confidence?
Andorra, hip hurrah!
Here’s the song as sung by Pete Seeger.
Malvina Reynolds is probably most well known for this her song Little House. Check out this documentary about this amazing woman and songwriter here.
Wataru took the basic chord structure and melody and made a satirical song about joining the self defence force, using the force’s own sales slogans. It’s pretty clear that the song is sarcastic, but apparently he got called up not long after first performing the song by the Japanese self defence force to ask if they could use the song. Clearly, they hadn’t gotten the joke. Later the song was considered for official banning by the Japanese government. It was never officially banned, because they felt it would never be popular anyway, but the song has long been “unofficially” banned by official media for all intents and purposes.
Takada stopped performing the song not long into his career. He has said that performing songs about everyday experience is a more potent form of anti war protest. But the song continues to live on and has been adapted for modern protests such as the anti-nuclear protests in Japan where it the song became “Why don’t you join Tokyo Electricity”:
自衛隊に入ろう 入ろう 入ろう
手とり 足とり おしえます
Hello my friends, are there any there amongst you
Who want to join the army, who want to learn to shoot
If there’s any there amongst you who want to make a name
Well the army is recruiting, come and join today
Why don’t you join the army
The army’s where it’s at
For all of you men’s men
The army is your best bet
Why don’t you join the army
And fall with the blossom
If there’s any there amongst you, who want to be a sportsman
Just say yes sir, and I’ll say now you’re really talking
We’ve got the spears, and yes we’ve got the guns
But really it’s your body, that makes the best weapon
If there any there amongst you
Who take an interest in
Guns and tanks and aeroplanes
Well well, well then
The armys always right here waiting
From the top down to the bottom, well teach you everything
To keep the peace, protect the people of Japan
We need the guns and rockets, we need the boys, we need the men
Mr America he needs a helping hand
To get the baddies there in Russia and beat the China Man
The armys on the lookout
For new personal
Age and education
Can both go straight to hell
The only qualifications that you’re going to need
Are a will to fight for fatherland and an appetite for beans
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ホテル・カリフォルニアは短編映画のような歌です。いろんな情景をものすごい細かさで描写する。砂漠でかく汗の匂い、髪の毛に絡む涼しい風、どこか遠くの方でまたたいている光。 よく何かを書くとき「show don’t tell」「描きなさい。伝えない。」 たとえば、「砂漠が熱かった」ではなく「高速道路で汗をかいていた」といった方が身近に感じられて、迫力が出る。ホテルカリフォルニアは見事にこういう風に「言葉」で伝えずに、「五感」で表す歌です。 ホテル・カリフォルニアの解釈 はっきりと「こんな事がありましたよ」と言わないおかげで素晴らしい描写になりますが、そのせいでいろんな解釈されます。 そのいろんな解釈を話していきたいと思いますが、歌詞を書いたDon Henley本人がいうには基本的な意味は”A journey from innocense to experience”「「無邪気」から「経験」への旅」だと言っています。 当時イーグルズはものすごく売れているバンドだったから本人たちは「その時俺たちは何でも出来ていた（許されていました）から何でも試してた」と言っていました。ようするに 世の中を知らない青年からいろんな経験を積んだ大人に変わりつつありました。 「経験」にはいろんな事が含まれていると思います。 ホテルカリフォルニアはよく「麻薬」「中毒」についての歌だと主張する人がいますが、この曲はいろんな「経験」についての歌だと思います。もちろん「麻薬・中毒」ありますが「愛」「性」「成功」「強欲」「欲望」「うぬぼれ」などの「経験」も一杯包まれています。 ホテル・カリフォルニアというホテルは実際存在したか 舞台はロサンゼルスになっています。ホテルカリフォルニアというホテルは実際に存在しません。アルバムジャケットに写っているのは「Beverley Hills Hotel」です。御存知の通り、Beverley Hillsはハリウッドの近くにある有名人、芸能人が一杯群がる地域であります。だから、その辺の人の「快楽主義」を描き、社会的な意味合いもあります。 イーグルズも当時「ホテルの部屋をぶっ壊してめちゃくちゃにしてしまうバンド」として有名です。 だから、「快楽主義」の象徴である「ホテル」を歌ににしたのはなんとなく相応しいかもしれません。
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Who is behind this site?
I’m Peter Joseph Head. I lived in Japan for four years as a student at Kyoto City University of the Arts and on working holiday. I have toured the country six times playing music and speak Japanese (JLPT N1).